Supporters of the treaty say it only concerns the international arms trade and would have no impact on existing national laws. [27] [28] [29] These proponents refer to the UN General Assembly resolution that begins the process on the ATT. The resolution expressly states that “States have the exclusive right to regulate internal transfers of arms and national property, including through the constitutional protection of private property.” On April 26, U.S. President Donald Trump announced the U.S. withdrawal from the ATT, saying the treaty threatened the decision of U.S. sovereignty over arms exports. Many arms control experts felt that the Trump administration`s justification was wrong. The United States signed the treaty in 2013, but never ratified it. 18 October 2006 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts resolution 61/89 by 153 votes. The resolution orders the UN Secretary-General to investigate a future arms trade treaty. The United States is voting against the resolution, the only country to do so. In 2001, the United Nations approved the United Nations Programme of Action (PoA).

The PoA addresses the global problem of the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and sets out a series of measures to control transfers of small arms and light weapons, regulate brokers, manage stockpiles and prosecute small arms and light weapons. Unlike the legally binding ATT, the PoA is only politically binding. The implementation of the PoA is voluntary on a state-to-state basis; Therefore, there is no application and only voluntary reports over two years. As such, the ATT gives depth to the trade in small arms and light weapons, since it obliges national legislators to adopt its provisions, but there is in fact little verification. In a statement by the European Union, the representative stressed that the ATT will contribute to a more responsible and transparent international arms transfer and help eliminate the illegal trade. Other relevant aspects of the Treaty should be highlighted: (i) its scope includes small arms and light weapons; (ii) States parties are required to establish and maintain a national system for the control of exports of ammunition and ammunition; (iii) the Treaty provides for an evaluation system, including the examination of possible mitigation measures, prior to the authorisation of an arms export; (iv) it shall include measures to prevent the diversion of arms and (v) shall include an annual mechanism for reporting authorized or actual exports and imports of conventional arms. . .


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